Apologetics, Blessed John Duns Scotus, Franciscan Intellectual Tradition, The Franciscans, Theology

God is to be Loved

bl-john-duns-scotus-god-is-to-be-loved“…Scotus identifies three levels of certain knowledge: first principles, scientific understanding based upon observation and experience, and immediate internal self-awareness. Likewise, knowledge of practical matters falls into three categories: first practical principles, the domain of moral science, and the deliberative judgment about a concrete matter of choice. The first principle of praxis, “Do good, avoid evil,” appears in Scotist thought as Deus diligendus est (“God is to be loved”). This principle is an analytic truth, known with certainty on the basis of its terms. The domain of moral science is comprised of moral propositions whose truth is known on the basis of experience and reflection upon one’s own behavior as well as upon the requirements of rational perfection. This science is both learned and can be understood to form a coherent and consistent body of knowledge that expresses the first practical principles. It stands between the two domains of ultimate moral principle and concrete moral decision.”

– Mary Beth Ingham, The Philosophical Vision of John Duns Scotus


– Lucas G. Westman


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